Thursday, January 10, 2013

AZMEX I3 7-1-13

AZMEX I3 7 JAN 2013

Note: crossing the border legally would seem to have much less peril.

Winter cold holds own peril for border crossers
Freezing night temps, not just desert heat, pose an exposure risk

Manuel Hernández was wearing three jackets, two pairs of pants and a
beanie when he crossed the border illegally a couple of weeks ago.

He knew the temperatures dropped at night, but he had no idea how
cold it would get.

"I couldn't even move because I was so cold," said the 32-year old
native of the Mexican state of Veracruz, where average temperatures
near the capital are in the 70s.

He was deported from Arizona and was in Nogales, Sonora, last week
waiting for warmer weather before trying again, he said, speaking

The desert is often associated with the scorching summer days, when
stories of illegal immigrants dying of dehydration are plentiful.

But law enforcement officials and groups that work with the migrant
community warn that cold temperatures are also dangerous.

"The Sonoran Desert is extremely vast and remote with very few water
sources," Border Patrol agent Shelton McKenzie wrote in an email.

Temperatures can drop drastically in the winter, and hard winter
freezes are common, he said.

Last month, a group of 27 men, women and children was found in the
mountains south of Sierra Vista. About half of them were taken to a
local hospital for possible exposure, according to the Border
Patrol's Tucson Sector.

The average temperatures in Sierra Vista in December go from a high
of about 62 degrees to a low of nearly 34 degrees, according to the
National Weather Service, but some days the range can be even wider.

McKenzie said agents don't usually see groups of that size. But "with
this said, it is important to realize illegal immigrants are being
victimized and lied to by smugglers who lead them through treacherous
terrain and expose them to extreme conditions. Those unable to keep
up are left behind, often to be later rescued by Border Patrol agents."

In fiscal year 2011, the Border Patrol's Tucson Sector recorded 195
deaths and 509 rescues. As of Aug. 31, 2012, there had been 150
deaths and 560 rescues.

While the summer is still the most dangerous for unauthorized border
crossers, there are deaths year-round, said Dr. Gregory Hess, chief
medical examiner at the Pima County Medical Examiner's Office, which
also covers Cochise and Santa Cruz counties.

"In remote areas it gets really cold, especially if people get rained
on. There's a danger of succumbing to hypothermia," he said.

Dehydration is still a leading cause of distressed people and deaths
due to excess layers of clothing, rugged terrain and the false
assumption that less water is needed during cold weather, said
McKenzie, with the Border Patrol. The trek across the desert can take
several days to weeks.

Amado Coello, a state coordinator with the Mexican Red Cross who
works along the Sonoran border, said the cold doesn't deter migrants.

"We see some people who are freezing. They come with respiratory
problems, but they still have this idea in their heads that they want
to leave," he said, speaking in Spanish inside a mobile aid clinic in
Nogales, Sonora.

Celio Ramirez, 39, who also was deported a couple of weeks ago and
was waiting outside the Mexican Red Cross clinic in Nogales, said he
spent four days walking in the desert, seven hours a day until his
group was caught by the Border Patrol.

"The cold is definitely tough," he said in Spanish. "You feel your
bones are going to freeze to death."

He said a friend of his was having problems breathing.

Hernández said many immigrants try to cross the desert during the
holidays because they believe that there's going to be reduced
immigration enforcement.

"But it's the same any time of the year," he said.

On StarNet

For the names of those who have died attempting to cross the border
from Mexico, search the Border Death database at

Find extensive coverage of immigration issues at border


Number of bodies and remains found during some of the coldest months
of the year:

Month 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

January 7 10 18 5 12

February 13 12 24 16 13

November 9 16 14 17 10

December 19 16 10 11 11

Source: Pima County Medical Examiner's Office

Contact reporter Perla Trevizo at or at
573-4213. On Twitter: @Perla_Trevizo

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